George Orwell’s Animal Farm: CH 1-4

Background Did You Know? Many of the ideals behind the Soviet revolution were based on the writings of Karl Marx. A German intellectual who lived in the mid-1800s, Marx believed that societies are divided into two segments, a working class and an owner class. The working class creates all the products, while the owner class … Continue reading George Orwell’s Animal Farm: CH 1-4

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George Orwell’s Animal Farm: Characters

Napoleon -  The pig who emerges as the leader of Animal Farm after the Rebellion. Based on Joseph Stalin, Napoleon uses military force (his nine loyal attack dogs) to intimidate the other animals and consolidate his power. In his supreme craftiness, Napoleon proves more treacherous than his counterpart, Snowball. Read an in-depth analysis of Napoleon.   … Continue reading George Orwell’s Animal Farm: Characters

George Orwell’s Animal Farm

Beneath its surface appearance as a simple fable about talking animals, Animal Farm is the story of a revolution betrayed. Although the book can be read and enjoyed as a superb satire on the attempts made by human beings to create a perfect society in an imperfect world, the revolution that inspired Orwell’s fable was … Continue reading George Orwell’s Animal Farm

Classical Poetry and “Faerie Queenes”

Edmund Spenser (1552-1599) Recognized by his contemporaries as the greatest nondramatic poet of England. In Tudor England, poetry shared the task of formal education: to prepare an informed and wise rulership. Since poetry could in this way be of value to the state, poets were patronized and officially honored. Ministers and councils of state, as well as noblemen … Continue reading Classical Poetry and “Faerie Queenes”

Chivalry, Knights, and Romance (Courtly Love) — Oh My!

Legendary King According to legend, Arthur became king of England and established his court at Camelot. He then gathered the best knights of the realm to join with him in the fellowship of the Round Table. These knights lived according to a specific code of behavior—the chivalric code—which stressed, among other things, loyalty to the … Continue reading Chivalry, Knights, and Romance (Courtly Love) — Oh My!

How Do I Love Thee?

Valentine's Day really seems like the best day to talk about it. LOVE. There are about as many uses for this word as there are people in the world... In the English language, the word "love" is used for people and hobbies, food and beverage, pets and vehicles.  Although words have definitions in the dictionary, in the … Continue reading How Do I Love Thee?