In-Text Citation Guide

WHAT IS
AN
IN-TEXT
CITATION?
Any thought or idea that you did not think up, any information that is not your own, any material you got from another source must be cited. Referring to the works of others in your text is done by using an in-text citation. Immediately following a quotation from a source or a paraphrase of a source’s ideas, you place the author’s last name followed by a space and the relevant page number(s).
The in-text citation will correspond with an entry on the Works cited page. Your readers will then be able to locate the source from which you found the information.
PARTS
OF A
CITATION
An in-text citation consists of two basic parts, the author’s name and the page number, enclosed in parenthesis.
Example:
Human beings have been described as “symbol-using animals” (Burke 3).
(Burke is the author’s last name and 3 is for the page number.)
Works Cited Entry: (for example above)
Burke, Kenneth. Language as Symbolic Action: Essays on Life, Literature,and Method. Berkeley: U of California P, 1966.
NO
KNOWN
AUTHOR
When a source has no known author, use a shortened title of the work (enclosed in quotation marks) instead of the author name.
Example:
An anonymous Wordsworth critic once argued that his poems were too emotional
(“Wordsworth Is a Loser” 100).
MULTIPLE
CITATIONS
To cite multiple sources in the same reference, separate the citation by a semi-colon.
. . . as has been discussed elsewhere (Burke 3; Dewey 21).
BIBLE
CITATIONS
Make clear which Bible (version) you are using, followed by the chapter and verse.
Example:
(New Jerusalem Bible, Ezek. 1.5-10)
Italicize the title and separate chapter and verse with a period.
WHEN
IS A
CITATION
NOT
NEEDED?
Common sense should determine your need for documenting sources.
You do not need to give sources for:
–       familiar proverbs
–       well-known quotations
–       common knowledge
EXAMPLE
Click on the link below, review the example and make sure you understand the proper style.
 
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